Ørsted has today announced that the final of 174 wind turbines has been installed at the world’s largest offshore wind farm Hornsea 1. The component loadout took place at Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy’s factory in Hull, where the majority of blades were constructed, and the components were then transported 120km out to sea.
wind turbines were transported by two specialist vessels: The Bold
Tern, owned by Fred. Olsen Windcarrier, and DEME Group’s Sea Challenger.
Both are installation vessels which jack up in the sea to provide a
sturdy base for lifting.
Four wind turbines were loaded on to the vessel each time. The main components are a steel tower, three turbine blades and a nacelle which houses all generation components for the wind turbine. On average, it takes around 12 hours of precision working to install a turbine in full.
Standing a proud 190m above sea level and with its three 75m long blades, each 7 MW wind turbine will be able to power a UK home for over a day with each single rotation.
Part of an impressive array dotted over 407 km2 of North Sea more than 100 km from the Yorkshire coast, the final turbine completes the 174-strong array of wind turbines, which make up the world’s largest offshore wind farm.
Now the final wind turbine is installed, the wind power project will undergo a period of commissioning, and will be officially inaugurated in 2020 as the world’s largest offshore wind farm.
First wind farm to cross 1GW capacity
Once complete, the site will be the world’s first offshore wind farm to be able to generate over 1GW of electricity – enough to power well over one million UK homes.
Duncan Clark, Ørsted Programme Director for Hornsea 1 said: “The milestone of this last turbine being installed only nine months after the first one was erected is just one small part of this record-breaking project. Hornsea 1 has truly paved the way for the next generation of offshore wind farms.
He continued: “At the time of taking on the wind energy project, it’s scale and the technical pioneering required seemed a Herculean challenge, but a truly extraordinary effort from all those involved have managed to make this impressive feat of engineering the new norm.
“We have benefitted from fantastic working relationships with contractors and suppliers, and that includes vessel providers who have maintained a constant stream of communication to ensure that turbine installation has been concluded on time and within budget.”
Offshore construction started in January 2018, when the first monopile foundation was installed by GeoSea’s installation vessel, Innovation. It has taken a whole host of contractors, suppliers and Ørsted employees to reach this landmark with over 8,000 people having been inducted to work offshore at Hornsea 1’s site.
Due to the distance from shore, the offshore construction team based themselves on site, 120km out to sea, to help ensure the project kept safe and to schedule in dynamic weather conditions.
Living on board the GMS Endeavour for two weeks at a time, they were able to stay close to the action, as well as enjoy a gym, catered for, laundry service and high-speed internet.
Facts about Hornsea 1
Hornsea 1 is the world’s biggest offshore wind farm with a capacity of 1.2GW, nearly double the current world’s largest offshore wind farm, Walney Extension.
The wind farm comprises 174 Siemens Gamesa 7MW turbines (190m from sea level with 75m long blades) and will be capable of powering well over one million UK homes.
At 120km from shore, it’s the furthest from shore an offshore wind farm has ever been built.
Hornsea 1 features the longest ever AC offshore wind export cable with a total length of 467 km.
Three 400MW offshore substations will convert to high voltage the clean electricity from the medium voltage cables connected to each wind turbine.
Hornsea 1, which will cover an area of 407 square km, is 50/50 joint venture between Ørsted A/S and Global Infrastructure Partners (GIP).