Electric Vehicles in China

China has become the world’s largest automotive market, and the nation is well-positioned to become a significant exporter of vehicles due to favorable labor costs and experience in mass producing technology and energy storage products. The Chinese government has made vehicle electrification central to its aggressive New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan for growing the automotive market both domestically and internationally and has created many national and local incentives for plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) purchases. Global automotive players have formed an unprecedented number of partnerships and joint ventures with Chinese companies in order to gain access to this potentially massive market.Government projects aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the major metropolitan areas are funding the installation of thousands of EV charging stations. The country also has one of the largest lithium deposits in the world, and therefore is likely to become a key competitor in the lithium ion (Li-ion) battery market. Despite these favorable conditions, PEV sales have been far below the government’s goals, and international automakers have been slow to import Li-ion batteries from China due to concerns about quality.This Pike Research report outlines the market opportunities and challenges for hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and battery electric vehicles in China, along with an examination of EV battery and charging infrastructure trends in the world’s largest automotive market. The report analyzes government initiatives and policy trends, technology and standards issues, and key industry players in China. Detailed market forecasts for each vehicle category, as well as for EV batteries and EV supply equipment installations, extend through 2017.

Key Questions Addressed:

How quickly will the market for plug-in electric vehicles grow in China?-Who are the leading manufacturers of lithium ion batteries for automotive applications in China?-What government policies will drive the demand for plug-in electric vehicles in China, and which cities will see the greatest penetration?-What will be the market segmentation between residential, workplace, public, and private charging equipment in China?-What percentage of the overall bus market will plug-in electric buses capture in China?-What are the major international automotive partnerships that will impact electric vehicles in China?

Who needs this report?

Auto manufacturers-Component suppliers-Battery manufacturers-Bus manufacturers-Electric vehicle charging equipment vendors and EV charging services companies-Utilities-Government agencies-Industry associations-Investor community

Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary

1.1 Strategic Development of China’s Electric Vehicle Market

1.2 Electric Vehicles

1.2.1 Policy and Technology Focus

1.2.2 Product Development Focus

1.2.3 Standards

1.2.4 Market Development

1.3 Charging Infrastructure

1.4 EV Batteries

1.5 Market Forecast

2. Market Overview2.1 Market Definition and Study Approach2.1.1 Market Definition2.2 China’s EV Market Environment2.2.1 Strong Economic and Disposable Income Growth2.2.2 Carbon Emissions Reduction2.2.3 Rapid Development of the Automobile Market2.3 China’s EV Market History2.3.1 Recent Progress2.4 PEV Manufacturers in China2.5 Automaker Market Share in 20112.6 PEV/HEV Market Overview2.6.1 Medium/Heavy Duty Trucks2.6.2 Buses2.6.2.1 Demonstration Programs

3. Demand Drivers

3.1 EV Market Drivers

3.1.1 Consumer Demand

3.1.2 China’s EV Development Strategies

3.1.3 Urban Emissions

3.1.4 Increasing Individual Wealth

3.2 EV Market Barriers

4. Market Issues4.1 Consumers’ Top Priorities4.1.1 Fuel Prices Affect Alternative Energy Vehicles4.2 Consumer Perception of EVs4.3 Daily Driving Range Limitation4.4 EV Price Competition4.5 Additional Costs of EV Ownership

5. Technology Issues

5.1 China’s EV Standards

5.2 EV Product Technology Status

5.2.1 Motors and Other Parts in EVs

5.3 EV Charging Infrastructure

5.3.1 Charging Technology Trends

5.3.2 EV Charging Infrastructure Status

5.3.3 Energy Industry Investment Oil Enterprise Investment

5.3.4 Other State-Owned and Private Company Investment

5.3.5 Charger Development Plans and Standards in China

5.3.6 Business Models for Charging

5.3.7 Charging Price and Regulation

5.3.8 Smart Grid and EV Charging

5.3.9 EV Battery Swapping Battery Swapping and Leasing Business Models

5.4 Battery Capability in China

5.4.1 China’s EV Battery Market Competition in Li-ion Battery Market in China

5.4.2 Battery Materials Capability in China

5.4.3 Battery Cost Analysis

6. Key Industry Players6.1 Foreign EV Manufacturers6.1.1 General Motors Company6.1.2 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.6.1.3 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.6.1.4 Toyota Motor Corp.6.2 Domestic EV Manufacturers6.3 BYD Co. Ltd.6.3.1 Chery Automobile Co., Ltd.6.3.2 Chongqing Chang’an Automobile Co., Ltd.6.3.3 FAW Group Corp.6.3.4 Foton Motor Inc.6.3.5 SAIC Motor Corp. Ltd.6.4 EV Charging Manufacturers6.4.1 Better Place6.4.2 NARI Technology Development Co. Ltd.6.4.3 Shenzhen Auto Electric Power Plant Co., Ltd. (ATC)6.4.4 Shenzhen Clou Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.6.4.5 XJ Group Corp.6.5 EV Battery Manufacturers6.5.1 China BAK Battery, Inc. (BAK)6.5.2 CITIC Guoan Mengguli Power Source Technology Co. Ltd. (MGL)6.5.3 Tianjin Lishen Battery Joint Stock Co. Ltd. (Lishen)6.5.4 Shanshan Group

7. Market Forecasts

7.1 Forecast Introduction

7.2 PEV Sales

7.3 EV Charging Infrastructure

7.4 Plug-in Electric Buses

7.5 Lithium Ion Batteries

8. Company Directory

9. Acronym and Abbreviation List

10. Table of Contents

11. Table of Charts and Figures

12. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

PEV Sales by Segment, China: 2012-2017Light Duty PEV Sales, Select World Markets: 2017Market Development by Vehicle Type, China: 2006-2011NEV Market Share by Category, China: 2011EV Market Share by Supplier, China: 2011HEV Market Share by Supplier, China: 2011 PEV and HEV Sales Breakdown by Technology, China: 2011PEV and HEV Sales Breakdown by Vehicle Type, China: 2011NEV Bus Ownership in 25 Demonstration Cities by Vehicle Segment, China: 2011NEV Bus Ownership in Other Cities by Vehicle Segment, China: 2011Car vs. Light Duty PEV Sales, China: 2012-2017EVSE Installations by Segment, China: 2012-2017PEV Bus Sales, China: 2012-2017Lithium Ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Vehicle Segment, China: 2012-2017Cumulative Installed EVSE, China: 2012-2017863 Program Technology Roadmap, China: 2005-201025 NEV Demonstration Cities, ChinaEV Technology Roadmap, China: 2008-2020

List of Tables

PEV Light Duty Vehicle Sales, Select World Markets: 2017New Energy Vehicle Categories, ChinaEconomic Indicators, China: 2006-2011Market Development by Vehicle Type, China: 2006-2011Vehicle Ownership, China: 2006-2011Key NEV Polices, China: 2001-2011EV Subsidies for Bus Vehicles, ChinaEV Subsidies for Bus Vehicles Over 10 Meters, ChinaCentral Government Subsidies for Private EV Purchases, China: 2011-2012Local Government Subsidies for Private EV Purchase, China: 2011-2012China’s BEV Roadmap: 2003-2022China’s PHEV Roadmap: 2006-2022Rich and Super-Rich Broken down by Region, China: 2011Ten Cities, Thousand Vehicles Program Vehicle Sales Targets for 2012, ChinaPrice Gap Between EV and ICE Models (BYD F3DM and BYD F3)Electric Vehicle Standards, China: 2000-2011Selling Price, Lithium Ion Battery Packs for Transportation, China: 2012-2020PEV Light Duty Sales by Segment, China: 2012-2017Total Light Duty Vehicle Sales, China: 2012-2017PEV Sales as a Percentage of LDV Sales, China: 2012-2017Car vs. Light Duty PEV Sales, China: 2012-2017EVSE Installations by Segment, China: 2012-2017Cumulative Installed EVSE, China: 2012-2017PEV Bus Sales by Segment, China: 2011-2017Lithium Ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Segment, China: 2012-2017