The power sector is the one of the world’s biggest consumers of water. All fossil fuels and nuclear power need significant quantities of water for such uses as pumping fuel out of the ground, removing pollutants from power plant exhausts, flushing residues after fossil fuels are burned and cooling.
In a landmark report published in 2008 under the George W. Bush Administration, the U.S. Department of Energy examined the effects of generating 20 percent of U.S electricity with wind power by 2030. One of its findings: 4 trillion gallons of water, equivalent to the annual consumption of more than 9 million Americans, would be saved.
A recent report from the 2030 Water Resources Group, a consortium of private companies working with the World Bank, recently reported that, "By 2030, under an average economic growth scenario and if no efficiency gains are assumed, global water requirements would grow from 4,500 billion cubic meters today (or 4,500 cubic kilometers) to 6,900 billion cubic meters … [T]his is a full 40 percent above current accessible, reliable supply … This global figure is really the aggregation of a very large number of local gaps, some of which show an even worse situation: one-third of the population, concentrated in developing countries, will live in basins where this deficit is larger than 50 percent … "
With the issue of water supply looming ahead–and already a serious matter in the western U.S.–there’s no time like the present to ramp up water conservation efforts, and no better way to do that in the power sector than by increasing our use of wind power.
Tom Gray, www.awea.org/blog