In 2008, Cameroon produced 0.22 quadrillion BTUs (QBTUs) of primary energy, an increase of 0 QBTUs over the prior year and a compound growth rate of 3.71% over a 5 year period.
Primary energy consumption meanwhile increased by 0.9% over the prior year to 0.1 QBTUs, equating to 5.29 million BTUs per capita which places Cameroon into the 87th percentile of countries worldwide for per capita primary energy consumption.
Cameroon’s total electricity capacity has increased on an annual compound basis by 2.87% over the last 20 years to 1,105 megawatts (MW) in 2008. In the last year, the total installed capacity base neither increased nor decreased.
Total renewable energy capacity accounts for 72.85% of this total installed capacity base whilst renewable energy sources excluding hydropower account for 0%.
Total capacity did not increase in the last year whilst Conventional Thermal Energy added the most capacity in the last 5 years, reaching 300 MW in 2008.
Total electricity generation meanwhile fell -3.21% over the last year to 5.42 billion kilowatthours (bn kWh) in 2008 with the largest source for electricity generation being Hydroelectricity (77.29% of total net generation).
Conventional sources including conventional thermal (coal, petroleum, gas), nuclear power and hydro pumped storage accounted for 22.71% of total electricity generated, up from 4.41% 5 years previously.
In 2009, Cameroon had a zero balance net import requirement. There were no exports of electricity. Conventional Energy sources represented 27.15% of total installed capacity in Cameroon in 2008, an increase of 1.69 percentage points over a 5 year period.
Conventional thermal energy had an installed capacity base of 300 MW in 2008, a change of 0 MW over the previous year and a 1.76% change on a compound basis over a 5 year period. Conventional thermal energy has seen its share of total installed capacity increase from 25.46% in 2004 to 27.15% in 2008. Conventional Thermal Energy generated 1.23 billion kilowatthours of electricity in 2008, equating to 4.1 billion kilowatthours of electricity per million kilowatts of capacity.
Renewable Energy sources represented 72.85% of total installed capacity in Cameroon in 2008, a decrease of -1.69 percentage points over a 5 year period.
This renewable energy capacity generated 4.19 billion kilowatthours of electricity (77.29% of the total), primarily from Hydroelectricity (100% of the 4.19 bn kWh generated).
Hydroelectricity had an installed capacity base of 805 MW in 2008, a change of 0 MW over the previous year. It’s share of total installed capacity decreased from 74.54% in 2004 to 72.85% in 2008 and it’s share of renewable installed capacity remained unchanged at 100% in 2008.
Hydroelectricity generated 4.19 billion kilowatthours of electricity in 2008, equating to 77.29% of the total electricity generated. This is equivalent to 5.2 billion kilowatthours of electricity per million kilowatts of capacity, which was the highest ratio amongst renewable energy sources.
Cameroon has 3.64% of the total regional capacity for Hydroelectricity and ranks at #75 in the world for Hydroelectricity installed capacity.
In 2008, total carbon dioxide emissions in Cameroon reached 7.63 million Metric Tonnes (mn MT), a compound increase of 3.36% over a 5 year period. Cameroon’s total represented 0.66% of total regional emissions and 0.03% of total world emissions.
On a per capita basis meanwhile, Cameroon ranked at #170 worldwide, with per capita emissions falling on 2007 by -0.02 metric tonnes to 0.41 metric tonnes.