That’s why the Administration developed the National Offshore Wind Energy Strategy, released on Monday. This strategy will guide a national effort to accelerate development of coastal wind farm projects while driving down costs, helping us meet President Obama’s goal of powering the nation with 80% clean electricity by 2035.
Clean energy pioneers are flocking to this coastal frontier. They understand the promise and potential offshore wind holds. With 55% of Americans living within 50 miles of the coasts, even companies like Google are expressing interest in transmission investments to bring clean wind power to port in the country’s most populous regions.
The new offshore wind power strategy ays out a path to potentially have 54 gigawatts of offshore wind farm capacity by 2030, enough to power more than 15 million homes with clean, renewable energy.
But to get there, we need to overcome hurdles like rough seas and a lack of data about offshore wind farm sites. So, the Department of Energy is investing over $50 million over the next five years in innovative turbine design and technologies that can withstand corrosive saltwater and storms; in studies to remove market barriers, reduce risk, and bring private sector capital off the sidelines; and in next generation drivetrain R&D.
This investment builds on last year’s Department of Energy investments in two new wind farm facilities – one in Boston and one in North Charleston, SC – that the wind energy industry can use to test the larger wind turbines that can be used offshore. It also complements the Interior Departments efforts to expedite wind farm project approvals for Mid-Atlantic States. Together, the Energy and Interior Departments are helping stand up an American offshore wind energy industry, making offshore wind power more attractive to investors and laying the policy groundwork to realize its potential faster.
History tells us this will work. Land-based wind parks continue to fan out across the nation, providing affordable clean electricity to American homes and businesses. Federal investment in R&D and demonstration and deployment over the past 30 years has driven down the cost of land-based wind energy from 80¢/kWh to 5-8¢/kWh. Today, the industry is growing rapidly and supporting tens of thousands of good clean energy jobs.
Offshore wind power could do the same. It’s an invisible engine that could help propel the clean energy economy in the future. And it’s waiting to be harnessed just off our coasts.
By Cathy Zoi, Assistant Secretary for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. blog.energy.gov