The growing role of wind energy en Central America

In the six main Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), renewable sources accounted for 61% of grid-injected electricity. The later was reported en the last study compiled by the Economic Commision for Latin America and the Caribbean, (CEPAL) for 2009.

Specifically, hydropower accounted for 47.5%, geothermal for 7.9%, biomass for 4.4% and wind power for 1.1%. As for the rest, 37.3% was produced from oil and 1.8% from coal.

As for single countries, Costa Rica registers the top renewable share (over 95%), followed by Panama, El Salvador and Guatemala, all ranging between 53 and 57%. Only Honduras (45.7%) and Nicaragua (26.5%) have a share below 50%.

It must be noted that wind power is starting to emerge among the new renewable sources. Indeed, en 2009 its production nearly reached 238 million kWh, a 120% increase over the previous year, thanks to major projects en Nicaragua and Costa Rica