The Energy Revolution according to Greenpeace

By 2050, renewable energy (wind energy, solar power… ) could meet 95% of the world’s electricity demand. This is the scenario illustrated in Energy Revolution: a Sustainable World Energy Outlook, the report compiled by Greenpeace together with the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC), an organization created by the main industrial federations active in the sector of renewable energy in Europe.

Naturally, suitable policies are necessary in order to achieve this objective: according to the secretary general of EREC, Christine Lins, "this report demonstrates that there is no technological barrier to achieve this vision. All that is now needed to set a sustainable energy future for our planet is the political will".

The authors of the study believe that it is particularly important that an equitable cost share should be guaranteed at a global level. To this end, they propose a mechanism called "Greenhouse Development Rights", aimed at calculating greenhouse gas emission allowances to be allocated to each country according to its economic situation and its responsibility in global warming.

The report also describes the various positive consequences of reaching this goal, primarily for the environment: CO2 emissions could be cut by 80% compared to 1990. Moreover, economic advantages would include a growth of the global renewable technology market from the current 84 billion per year to over 500 billion. As for effects on employment, according to Sven Teske, co-author of the report, 8.5 million jobs would be created by 2030.