With such high potential, it is not surprising that Brazil’s wind power industry has been taking off massively in the last couple of years: the country added 264 MW of wind farm capacity in 2009 and by mid-2010, another 180 MW were installed, making a total of 786 MW.
In December 2009, the Brazilian energy regulator hosted the first wind power only auction, which contracted 71 wind turbines projects for a total capacity of 1,800 MW. Two additional auctions took place in August 2010, resulting in an additional more than 3 GW of tendered capacity for September 2013.
But without a long-term regulatory framework, it is hard to know whether this is a one-off, or whether these wind-only auctions will become regular. Nothing has officially been stated at federal level.
Steve Sawyer, Secretary-General of the Global Wind Energy Council, stresses that although Brazil has massive wind power potential, the government’s refusal to commit to a yearly auction means “the long-term signal is missing”.
Whatever happens in the future, the number of big international players now flocking to the Brazilian industry is going up. While previously only one wind turbine manufacturer, Wobben Windpower, a subsidiary of Enercon, was manufacturing in Brazil for the Brazilian market, many other turbine suppliers are now planning factories there, including Vestas, Suzlon, GE, Gamesa, Alstom and Fuhrländer.
Overall, it seems clear that as for other industries, Brazil is likely to become a world player for wind energy, providing a hugely important platform for Europe’s companies to grow and build up their portfolios. All that is needed in order to ensure that the possible future is truly durable is to reinforce it with a long-term legislative framework.
By Sarah Azau, blog.ewea.org/