Sustainable development of the wind power sector in Vietnam

A wind farm in Bac Lieu City. Viet Nam can achieve an average annual growth of 7 per cent in the wind energy sector over two decades (2016-2035), experts say.

Organised by Vestas Wind Systems from Denmark in collaboration with the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT), the workshop attracted many foreign experts in the field of wind energy and representatives of organisations and agencies.

Nguyen Ngoc Hung of the MoIT’s Institute of Energy said Viet Nam had turned into a net energy importer since 2015.

Results of a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario show that Viet Nam could achieve an average growth of 7 per cent a year in the 2016-35 period in the wind energy sector by mobilising funds and improving efficiency of capital use.

There are four wind power projects in the country located in Bac Lieu, Binh Dinh and Binh Thuan provinces. Around 50 wind power projects have been registered.

Vu Chi Mai of MoIT said: “Wind speed potential in the central provinces of Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan is higher than in other provinces in the country.”

Experts from Vestas discussed technical solutions for turbine selection; successful grid connection and compliance; on-time, on-scope project delivery; and operation and maintenance of wind farms.

Michael Perkins, a wind and site specialist, said that “Maximum value could be captured while minimising development risk to achieve the optimal technical and commercial solution.”

The investment director of IFU, the Investment Fund for Developing Countries, Otto Vinther Christensen, said that Viet Nam should learn lessons from other countries that had invested in wind power.

It is important to avoid bureaucratic and cumbersome legislation, have strong project management, know-how to obtain local financing, tackle infrastructure bottlenecks, and take advantage of cheap labour, according to Christensen.

Vesta is one of the world’s largest wind service provider. — VNS