Worldwide solar photovoltaic (PV) installations reached a record high of 27.4 gigawatts (GW) in 2011, market research company NPD Solarbuzz (Santa Clara, Calif.) reports in its "Marketbuzz", issued on March 19th, 2012. This growth correspondents to an increase by 40% year-on-year.
Overall PV market growth in 2011 was boosted by strong second half demand ahead of further deep cuts in solar incentives. This followed a period of over-production in the first half that triggered the sustained price decline through the PV chain that came to characterize 2011.
74% of global demand allotted to Germany, Italy, China, the U.S, and France
The dominance of Chinese manufacturers in crystalline silicon wafers, cells and modules grew, the share of thin film declined, and demand in Asian markets grew rapidly, Solarbuzz notes.
The PV industry generated USD 93 billion in global revenues in 2011, up 12% Y/Y, while the industry successfully raised more than USD 8 billion in corporate equity and debt.
Of the more than 100 countries worldwide covered in "Marketbuzz", the top five PV markets were Germany, Italy, China, the United States, and France – 74% of global demand in 2011. China soared 470% Y/Y, rising from to third place from seventh in 2010.
Germany, Italy and France collectively accounted for 82% of the European market
European countries accounted for 18.7 GW, or 68% of world demand in 2011, down from 82% in 2010. Strong growth in France and Italy, combined with a year-end surge in German demand that held it flat Y/Y, meant that Germany, Italy and France collectively accounted for 82% of the European market.
74% of global solar cells produced in China and Taiwan
Worldwide solar cell production reached 29.5 GW in 2011, up from 23.0 GW a year earlier, with thin film production accounting for 11% of total production. Production from China and Taiwan accounted for 74% of global cell production, up from 63% in the prior year.
The Top 10 polysilicon manufacturers had 204K metric tons per annum of capacity in 2011, while the Top 10 wafer manufacturers accounted for 20.7% of global capacity.
Factory-gate PV module prices dropped by 28%, further decline projected by more than 29 percent in 2012
The excess of solar cell production over demand during 1H’11 caused market-weighted average crystalline silicon factory-gate module prices to drop 28% in 2011, significantly more than the 14% drop the previous year. Furthermore, Q4’11 versus Q4’10 prices were down 46%.
North American and several Asian markets to grow rapidly
Over the next five years, factory-gate module prices are projected to drop between 43% and 53% from 2011 levels. Average c-Si factory-gate prices in 2012 will be at least 29% lower than the 2011 average.
Over the next 12 months, the Rest of World markets are projected to increase to 32% of global demand, from just 20% last year, while Europe loses share, dropping to 53%. By 2016, European market share is projected to fall below 42% as North America and several Asian markets grow rapidly. China is forecast to reach 17% of the world market by 2016.
NPD Solarbuzz President Craig Stevens: The rush to install is on ahead of Fit cuts, especially in Germany
“Aggressive cuts in incentives in Germany and other European countries have set up the potential for a global market decline in 2012, but ahead of these the rush to install is on, especially in Germany,” said Craig Stevens, President of NPD Solarbuzz.
“These cuts in tariffs will force companies to embrace self-sustaining marketing models earlier than they expected. Meanwhile, Chinese policy makers will face a decision whether to stimulate their domestic market even more than planned to support their globally dominant manufacturing base.”
Stevens added, “Cutbacks in polysilicon, wafer, and cell production plans before mid-year will be required to avoid further damaging margin declines. Meanwhile, it is significant that polysilicon manufacturing capacity-long the most constrained and profitable part of the PV chain-now has the highest capacity in the PV chain.”