Electric Vehicles, Energy Storage & the Smart Grid: How V2G Works

Buzzwords like ‘Vehicle to Grid’, ‘Smart Grid’, and ‘V2G Energy Storage’ have been floating around a lot lately, but do you know exactly what they mean? Keep reading to find out how the new smart grid will interact with your electric car or plug-in hybrid, your home, and other aspects of your life.

How your electric car will interact with the smart grid

It may seem like a strange idea, but when your vehicle is plugged in at home, it will be acting as a rechargeable battery that’s plugged into your outlet. During off-peak times, when renewable energy sources like wind turbines are generating more power than is being used, your car can store excess energy that it can later flow back into your house for use during peak times.

Of course, home and car owners will be able to control how much power is used from their vehicles, but a standard electric car battery should be able to store enough juice to power 10 homes! And by using stored power during peak energy times, homeowners will be saving themselves from big hydro bills as well.

Plug-in Hybrids and the Smart Grid

Electric cars won’t be having all of the fun with the introduction of the new smart grid, as it is expected that plug-in hybrids will be able to store energy and act as portable batteries just as EVs do. The only difference is, the battery from a plug-in hybrid won’t have the same energy storage capacity as a fully electric car, so the amount of power they will be able to provide to homes will be reduced as well.

How the smart grid will increase renewable energy

Once we have electric cars and plug-in hybrids acting as portable sources of stored energy, we can become far more dependent on renewable energy sources like solar power and wind energy. Although right now many homes couldn’t rely on energy derived from a wind power because of its inconsistency, if the home used its electric car as a giant battery pack that only charged when the wind was blowing, the home could have enough energy stored to use power through the day and night, and still have enough to drive on.